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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

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gjg                                               PABGANA
Khfa of Panipat, who had a jagir of 24 villages, 12 here and 12 about Sonkh.
Their descendants were reduced to poverty under the Bharat-pur Raj; but one
of the family, Gulab, has lately in part repaired the mosque.
SHEB-GABH—population 4,712—eight miles from Chhata, with which place
it is connected by a metalled road, derives its name from a large fort, now in
ruins, built by the Emperor Sher Shah.   The Jamnna, which once washed the
foot of its walls, is now more than a mile distant from it,   The Hindus would
derive the name from Sihra, Krishna's marriage wreath ; but though this is
improbable, it is clear that there was a town here long before the time of Sher
SMh; for in taking down one of the towers of the fort, I came upon a stone
carved with foliage of decidedly early Hindu or Buddhist character, with the
trefoiled circle so common in the Kashmir temples.   There were six towers to
the fort and four gates, called the Dehli, the Madar, the Paui or water gate, and
the Khirki or postern.   By the latter, which is now the most frequented of all,
is the school which I had built in 1875 at a cost of Rs. 1,933, in the same style
as the one at Sahar.   The original zamindars were Pathans, but in 1859? in
execution of a decree held by Kishori Lai, Bohra, the whole of their estate,
excepting 1£ biswa, still held by the sons of the late Asaf Khan, a descendant
of the old family, was put up to auction and sold for Rs, 16,200 to Muhammad
Nfir Khan of Merath, from whom it was purchased for Ik 20,000 by Seth
Gobind Das.   It now forms part of the endowment of the temple of D warakadhis
in the city of Mathura.   In the mutiny, considerable alarm was caused to the
townspeople by the Gujars of the neighbouring villages, who made this their
centre, and whose estates were afterwards confiscated and bestowed on Raja
Gobind Sinh of Hathras.   The Hindis have twelve small temples ; the Saraugis
one, dedicated to Parsvanath, and the Muhammadans three mosques,    The
weekly market is held on Thursday.   There is a police station, a district post-
office, and besides the school for boys there are two for girls, one of the latter
having been supported till his death by Asaf Khau.   The town is singularly
well-supplied with roads, for, in addition to the one to Chhata, it has three
others (unmetalied) leading direct to Kosi, to Jait, and, across a bridge of boats,